10909 Indian Head HighwayFort Washington, MD 20744(301) 292-1150(301) 292-1056
What is it?
Is a contagious disease in dogs caused by a virus. 
 
Who is susceptible to it?
Canine Coronavirus affects neonates, puppies and less severely adult dogs.
 
How does it spread?
The most common route of infection is contact with fecal material containing the virus.
 
Time line from exposure to signs?
Signs begin to show 24 to 72 hours after exposure.
 
What are the symptoms?
Most common clinical signs include: depression, fever, loss of appetite, vomiting and diarrhea.  The diarrhea is often yellow-green to orange and contains blood or mucus.  It also has a very bad smell.
 
Is there a test for it?
Yes.  Two blood samples are collected (the first collected while the animal is sick and the second collected 3 weeks later) and sent to the laboratory.
 
How is it treated?
Treatment largely consists of supportive care.  In this case fluid therapy (IV) to maintain hydration and proper nutritional support are required.  Anti-vomiting injectable medications and antibiotics may be used as needed.
 
Cleaning the environment?
The virus can live in the environment for several months.  Bleach mixed at a rate of 4 ounces in a gallon of water will destroy the virus.
 
Is there a vaccine?
Yes!  The vaccine (Killed Virus) is given by injection and requires two doses 4 weeks apart with yearly boosters.  Currently we  only recommend this vaccine for puppies in shelters. 
 
Risk for humans?
To date, there is no evidence of transmission of Coronavirus from dogs to people.
 
 
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