What is it?
These are intestinal worms of dogs and cats.  They are short ¼ to ½ inch, flat segments (look like “rice”). 
 
Who is susceptible to it?
Dogs and cats. 
 
How does it spread?
Transmission occurs when the pet bites and eats a flea or a small animal like rats or rabbits.
 
Time line from exposure to signs?
About 3 weeks from ingesting the flea.
 
What are the symptoms?
In heavy infections, we may notice abdominal discomfort or nervousness in the animal. The animal may vomit. The active segments around the anal area may cause an animal to lick or 'scoot' on the floor.
 
Is there a test for it?
The diagnosis is made by finding the moving segments or dried segments usually near anal area.  The diagnosis can also be made seeing eggs in the feces under the microscope
 
How is it treated?
Treatment is an oral or topical medication (De-wormer).  The most important preventive measures are flea controland lice control. Numerous products are on the market which can be used for this purpose. It is recommended to not only treat the animals but also the environment in an attempt to kill as many flea larvae as possible.
 
Cleaning the environment?
Flea controland lice control is the only way to prevent this parasite. Numerous products (Frontline, Promeris, Advantix, Advantage Multi) are on the market which can be used for this purpose. It is recommended to not only treat the animals but also the environment in an attempt to kill as many flea larvae as possible.
 
Is there a vaccine?
No.
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